Separation anxiety disorder is marked by severe anxiety which is out of proportion to people to whom the adolescents is attached. The adolescents is intensely afraid of being left alone’ the adolescent’s age and situation and occurs when there is a real or threatened separation from refuses to go to school because of the fear of separation and is preoccupied persistently with the dangers which might befall him while separation from the ‘’attachment figure;; .like fear of being kidnapped, harmed or killed. He/she cannot sleep alone and gets nightmares about separation. Separation causes intense emotional reaction like crying, misery and tantrums.
Separation anxiety disorder is as medical condition that is characterized by significant distress, when adolescents are away from parents, another caregivers or home. Separation anxiety disorder can dramatically affect the adolescent’s life by limiting the ability to engage in ordinary activities. Separation anxiety refers to the developmental stage in which adolescents face anxiety due to the separations of care giver usually mother .The unwillingness of separation between adolescents and parents depicts that there is a lot of attachments between mother and adolescents so that the adolescent is facing anxiety (Brennan, 2014).
Gender differences effects a lot in separation anxiety and also self concept effects on the basis of genders. Self concept is basically the degree to which the self is perceived positively or negatively; one’s overall attitude towards the self. The self evaluation by each individual evaluates one’s attitude about oneself in positive or negative dimension. Approximately 12 % of adolescents will suffer from separation anxiety disorder before they reach age 18.separation anxiety disorder has three peaks; between ages-5-6,7-9,and 12-although separation anxiety disorder is more common in elementary-school aged adolescents might experience separation anxiety when adjusting to transition or a stressful situation(such as divorce, or death of a parent).for example, they suddenly may not be able to: go for sleepovers with friends they know well, stay at school is the parents or trusted family members is not there, go on a school trips unless a parents comes along, use public transportation alone. (Brennan, 2014).